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The gallbladder is a small sac located near the liver which stores bile, a fluid secreted by the liver that aids in the digestion of fats.
Gallstones are hard particles that form in the gallbladder when cholesterol or bilirubin (red bile pigment) crystallizes out of bile (digestive juice). Gallstones can range in size from the size of a grain of sand to the size of a golf ball. When the gallstones get stuck in the bile ducts, they cause severe abdominal pain.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery is a non-reversible bariatric (weight loss) surgery procedure that helps a person lose weight thru both restrictive and malabsorptive methods. With gastric bypass, the stomach is made smaller and then attached to the middle portion of the small intestine. A smaller stomach allows less food to be eaten at any one time and bypassing the upper part of the small intestine allows less food to be absorbed by the body.
Gastroesophageal Reflux is a condition that occurs when gastric juice from the stomach backs up into the esophagus causing heartburn and other symptoms. Also called acid reflux or gastric reflux. Frequent occurrence known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Gastrointestinal Surgery is surgery on the stomach and/or intestines to treat obesity. Also known as bariatric surgery.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes mellitus that can occur when a woman is pregnant. In about 95 percent of women, blood sugar levels return to normal when the pregnancy is over. Women who develop gestational diabetes are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Ghrelin is the hormone that controls feelings of hunger.
Glucose is a simple sugar found in the blood and is the body's main source of energy for all cellular and bodily functions. Glucose is produced by the body thru food digestion, then carried in the blood to cells where it is used for energy or stored. Also called dextrose.