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Lap Band Surgery
Lap Band Surgery is a bariatric (weight loss) surgery procedure that was approved by the FDA in 2001. Less invasive than many other weight loss surgical options, lap band surgery involves placing a special band called the LAP-BAND around the upper stomach in order to create a smaller stomach pouch that will limit the amount of food that a person can eat at any one time.
Laparoscopic Surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), it is a modern surgical technique in which operations in the abdomen are performed through small incisions (usually 0.5-1.5cm) using a laparoscope (thin lighted viewing tool) as compared to larger incisions needed in traditional open surgical procedures.
The large intestine is the lower portion of the digestive system and is responsible for the resorption of water and electrolytes, the manufacture of vitamin K, and the formation and expulsion of waste from the body. The large intestine is a large muscular tube about 5 feet long that is located between the small intestine and anus. Also called the colon.
LASIK is an acronym for "LAser in SItu Keratomileusis," a type of eye surgery approved by the FDA to treat myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. LASIK combines two technologies: the use of a microkeratome to cut a thin flap on the corneal surface which is then temporarily pulled back to allow the use of an excimer laser to reshape the underlying corneal tissue.
LDL is the acronym for low-density lipoprotein. LDL is a type of cholesterol found in the blood and is commonly referred to as the "bad" cholesterol.
Lipids are fats and fat-like substances in the blood.
Lipoproteins are substances in the blood made up of protein and fat (lipid) that transport fat and fat-like substances, such as cholesterol, thru the blood.
The liver is the largest internal gland in the body. It is located in the upper portion of the abdomen, below the diaphragm and above most of the stomach, intestines and pancreas. The functions performed by the liver include secreting bile to help with fat digestion, producing enzymes necessary for food digestion, filtering out and removing toxins (harmful substances) and waste products from the blood, and storing glycogen as well as some vitamins and minerals.
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) is a type of cholesterol found in the blood. It is commonly referred to as the "bad" cholesterol because it transports cholesterol throughout the body which can damage the blood vessels. High LDL levels increase the risk of heart disease.