Today's Medical Fact
Eating breakfast helps to burn calories throughout the day.
Most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the early stages have not yet experienced any symptoms.
Definition of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is cancer that begins in a man's prostate gland and may spread to other parts of the body. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that is involved in the production and storage of semen. Cancer is a disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.
Description of Prostate Cancer
It is estimated that about 1 in 6 men in the United States will get prostate cancer sometime during their lifetime, making it the second most common form of cancer diagnosed in men after skin cancer. Because the type of cancer is determined by the part of the body where the cancer originates, prostate cancer is a form of cancer that affects only men since it begins in a gland of the male reproductive system.
Prostate cancer is generally a slow growing form of cancer and it may take years for it to cause any problems. While prostate cancer does not cause much harm when it stays within the limits of the prostate, if it is a fast growing strain or is left untreated, there is the chance that the cancer cells will grow into the surrounding tissues or enter the lymph nodes where it can then travel thru out the body and cause significant harm.
Causes and Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known, but there are some factors which are thought to increase a man's chance of developing prostate cancer. Factors that seem to contribute or influence the incidence of prostate cancer include:
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer in the early stages does not usually exhibit any symptoms. Symptoms may develop if the cancer grows or spreads, but they may also indicate other conditions such as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), Prostatitis, or Urinary Tract Infection. Symptoms include:
If prostate cancer has metastasized (spread to other parts of the body), there may also be symptoms of weight loss, swelling in the feet and legs, and bone pain in the lower abdomen, hip, pelvis, or lower back not associated with a known injury.
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the early stages have not yet experienced any symptoms but have become aware of the cancer thru routine screening and physical exams.
However, if you are a man and experience any of the symptoms of prostate cancer, you should visit your doctor for a thorough examination and proper diagnosis. Tests performed to screen for prostate cancer include a digital rectal exam (doctor uses a gloved finger in the rectum to determine the size of the prostate gland), a urine test, and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. If any of these tests indicate the possibility of prostate cancer, a prostate biopsy may be prescribed, a procedure in which tissue is taken from the prostate and examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
Treatment for prostate cancer will vary based on many factors including the grade of cancer (slow-growing or fast-growing), stage of cancer (remains in the prostate or has spread), age, life expectancy, other health conditions, and side effects of treatment. Treatment for prostate cancer includes:
Prevention of Prostate Cancer
Although many of the risk factors associated with prostate cancer are not controllable, it is thought that the chance of developing the disease can be lessened by eating a healthy, low-fat, high-fiber diet and maintaining a healthy weight.
Diet recommendations for preventing prostate cancer include soy products such as tofu and soy beans, foods that contain lycopenes (an antioxidant) such as tomatoes and tomato products, whole fiber foods, and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage.